Model overview

CORA Model Overview

A stable innovation platform is an essential part of the IT landscape, as shown in the Ross and the Capgemini Crown model. Both models provide the foundation for the “COmmon Reference Architecture” (CORA). Besides the CORA model, for an implementation of both models to be effective they need to be supported by an approach for delivering IT solutions that fits within the architecture maturity and governance perspectives.

Architecture defines an integrated and highly structured instrument to align Business & IT. Architecture can be performed on an enterprise level (Enterprise Architecture) and a individual project or program level (Solution Architecture). In practice we see that a gap exists between the two. Often Solution/Software Architects perform their work with no relationship to an already existing Enterprise Architecture. The reason is that Enterprise Architecture generally is too abstract to be used on a Solution Architecture level.

The CORA model describes elements with their interactions and principles at an Enterprise Architecture level in such a way that the different architecture styles, such as N-tier, Service Oriented and Resource Oriented, can be fitted in. With the help of the CORA model a reference Software Architecture or detailed technology architecture can be created from a total IT landscape point of view. This forms the basis from which Solution Architects of individual projects within the portfolio can be derived and detailed.

Using CORA is especially important when software from more than one vendor is being used. The reason is that many vendors deliver their own reference architecture which is aimed at their own product stack. This leaves little room for including other vendor products or even their own ‘legacy’ stack and applies even more when dealing with an environment containing a mixture of Package Based and Custom Software Solutions. The CORA is a vendor agnostic model. Mapping a vendor architecture to the CORA helps to better understand the vendor architecture itself. Five vendor architectures have been mapped against the CORA so far.


Summarizing, the CORA mode divides an IT landscape into different (blue) layers and (green) elements and:

  • provides insight in the way an IT landscape can support both business flexibility and compliancy boundaries by using several distributed ‘architecture styles’ (N-Tier, Service Oriented, Resource Oriented) simultaneously;
  • can be used at different levels (Enterprise level, project implementation level) and to design and implement functions with a mixture of ‘architecture styles’ on the best fitted platform available (or planned);
  • have a relationship with vendor specific reference architectures so that different technologies can be fitted in and vendor-specific functions can be properly allocated across a hybrid IT-landscape.

This way the CORA introduces a quality instrument to be used at different levels, regardless of architecture style and vendor-specific implementations and effectively enable transformation.